Non-traditional work patterns in older workers and their relation with health (WC2015-036)

Background

Starting date: 01/08/2015

Due to fast technological developments and globalization, working arrangements are becoming more flexible. This is illustrated by, among other things, an increase in te proportion of employees that has more than one than one job (multi-jobbers) from 5.5% in 2003 to 7.6% in 2013. Multi-jobbing occurs in two ways: people that combine multiple jobs and people that are self-employed and combine this with a job. We refer to these working arrangements as non-traditional work patterns.

It is unknown how non-traditional work patterns affect health and retirement decisions. It is important to study these relations, because of the increasing pressure on te welfare schemes of most Western countries caused by, among other things, the ageing population. By studying the predictors of non-traditional work patterns and its effects (which are likely to influence each other), insight is gained in how these non-traditonal work patterns influence retirement decisions.

The project will focus around five main questions:

1. To what extent do health, work characteristics, skills, work motivation, social and financial factors contribute to transitions from traditional to non-traditional work patterns?

2. Via which pathways do non-traditional work patterns influence health?

3. How do (transitions towards) non-traditional work patterns relate to health during working life as compared to the traditional work pattern?

4. Do non-traditional work patterns influence the prolongation of working life until beyond retirement age in addition to health, work motivation and the financial situation of the household?

5. Is prolonged employment, either in a traditional or non-traditional work pattern, a risk factor or an opportunity for health after retirement?