Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation in Chronic Widespread Pain: Predicting Treatment Outcome

Background

 The prevalence of chronic widespread pain (CWP) in the western population is estimated at ~ 11 %. Activity limitations are frequently associated with chronic pain. Psychological factors and processes affect pain, activity limitations and emotional functioning. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation is hypothesized to be effective because this treatment alters psychological factors and processes. Important psychological factors include self efficacy, fear avoidance cognitions, coping strategies and illness beliefs.