The effects of parental components in a trauma focused cognitive behavioral based therapy for children exposed to interparental violence. (WC2011-101)

Background

Starting date: 20/06/2011

Exposure to interparental violence (IPV) can be a traumatic experience for children and is associated with poor developmental and adjustment outcomes. Little is known, however, about mediating and moderating pathways leading to these outcomes. Parental factors such as child rearing, parental availability, parental self-control, and family environment on the one hand, and children’s cognitive, emotional and physiological and behavioral responses to the marital violence on the other, may explain the considerable variation in children’s adjustment. Trauma focused-cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) has been shown to be effective for treating children’s psychological trauma in general, but appears to be less effective for children exposed to IPV. Given that IPV affects the whole family unit, a promising direction is extending trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy with components involving parents. Different ideas exist regarding the manner in which parents can be effectively involved, and the mechanisms that explain the effects of multi-component treatments.